This chapter has to do with the vow of the nazarite, which is a vow of complete service to the Lord. This could have been for just a short period of time, or for life. It all depended on the person, male or female. When one makes this vow, they were to abstain from drinking alcohol of any kind, and even eating any part of a grape. The cutting of hair during the vow is forbidden, as it is a sign to people that that person is in service to the Lord. One could not go near any dead body, even that of direct family members. If someone suddenly dies right next to them, then they must wait seven days and then shave their heads. On the eighth day, they are to follow the law of consecration to become ritually clean. Afterward, the hair must grow once again and the vow must completely begin over again, since that person became unclean.
After the period of the vow is over, that person must bring to the entrance of the Tent a one year old lamb for a burnt offering, a one year old ewe for a sin offering, and a ram for a fellowship offering, all without defects. There shall be also be a basket of unleavened bread mingled with olive oil, both thick loaves and cakes, with also an offering of grain and wine. The priest shall present all these to the Lord and make the burnt and sin offering. At the entrance, the one who made the vow would have their head shaved and the hair would be burned in the fire. This is a fellowship offering.
After the shoulder of the ram is boiled, the priest shall put it in the hands of the nazarite, along with a loaf and cake of bread from the basket. Then the priest shall present them to the Lord, meaning they are only for the priest, as does the breast and leg of the ram. Afterward, the nazarite, meaning the one who made this vow, could drink wine.
The Lord then commanded Moses to tell Aaron and his sons to use the following blessing to the children of Israel:
May the Lord bless you and keep you
May the Lord make His face shine upon you and be gracious to you
May the Lord look favorably upon you and give you peace
God said that if Aaron and his sons put the name of the Lord into the children of Israel, He will bless their nation.